A Validated Privacy-Utility Preserving Recommendation System with Local Differential Privacy Abstract: This paper proposes a new recommendation system preserving both privacy and utility. It relies on the local differential privacy (LDP) for the browsing user to transmit his noisy preference profile, as perturbed Bloom filters, to the service provider. The originality of the approach is multifold. First, as far as we know, the approach is the first one including at the user side two perturbation rounds - PRR (Permanent Randomized Response) and IRR (Instantaneous Randomized Response) - over a complete user profile. Second, a full validation experimentation chain is set up, with a machine learning decoding algorithm based on neural network or XGBoost for decoding the perturbed Bloom filters and the clustering Kmeans tool for clustering users. Third, extensive experiments show that our method achieves good utility-privacy trade-off, i.e. a 90$\%$ clustering success rate, resp. 80.3$\%$ for a value of LDP $\epsilon = 0.8$, resp. $\epsilon = 2$. Fourth, an experimental and theoretical analysis gives concrete results on the resistance of our approach to the plausible deniability and resistance against averaging attacks.
Comment: Accepted for publication in the 15th IEEE International Conference on Big Data Science and Engineering (BigDataSE 2021)
Date: 23 Sep 2021
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