Efficient and Lightweight In-memory Computing Architecture for Hardware Security Abstract: The paper proposes in-memory computing (IMC) solution for the design and implementation of the Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) based cryptographic algorithm. This research aims at increasing the cyber security of autonomous driverless cars or robotic autonomous vehicles. The memristor (MR) designs are proposed in order to emulate the AES algorithm phases for efficient in-memory processing. The main features of this work are the following: a memristor 4bit state element is developed and used for implementing different arithmetic operations for AES hardware prototype; A pipeline AES design for massive parallelism and compatibility targeting MR integration; An FPGA implementation of AES-IMC based architecture with MR emulator. The AES-IMC outperforms existing architectures in both higher throughput, and energy efficiency. Compared with the conventional AES hardware, AES-IMC shows ~30% power enhancement with comparable throughput. As for state-of-the-art AES based NVM engines, AES-IMC has comparable power dissipation, and ~62% increased throughput. By enabling the cost-effective real-time deployment of the AES, the IMC architecture will prevent unintended accidents with unmanned devices caused by malicious attacks, including hijacking and unauthorized robot control.
Comment: 14 pages, 18 figures, 4 tables, submitted to the IEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security Journal
Date: 24 May 2022
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