Collaborative Homomorphic Computation on Data Encrypted under Multiple Keys Abstract: Homomorphic encryption (HE) is a promising cryptographic technique for enabling secure collaborative machine learning in the cloud. However, support for homomorphic computation on ciphertexts under multiple keys is inefficient. Current solutions often require key setup before any computation or incur large ciphertext size (at best, grow linearly to the number of involved keys). In this paper, we proposed a new approach that leverages threshold and multi-key HE to support computations on ciphertexts under different keys. Our new approach removes the need for key setup between each client and the set of model owners. At the same time, this approach reduces the number of encrypted models to be offloaded to the cloud evaluator, and the ciphertext size with a dimension reduction from (N+1)x2 to 2x2. We present the details of each step and discuss the complexity and security of our approach.
Comment: 8 pages, 2 figures, In International Workshop on Privacy Engineering (IWPE'19), co-located with IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy (S&P'19)
Date: 11 Nov 2019
PDF »Main page »